What Does A Gerontological Rehabilitation Nurse Do?

博亚体育注册(ARN)制定了这份老年康复护士角色描述,以确定和明确护理老年病人的康复护士的角色,并在符合康复护理实践的既定范围和标准的前提下,促进高度的专业精神.

老年康复护理是针对老年康复客户的独特需求而开展的一门专业实践. 老年客户可分为以下几类:年轻的老年人(65岁至74岁), the middle old (75 through 84 years of age) and the oldest old, or frail elderly (ages 85 and above) (Schrier, 1990). Currently, one in every eight Americans is older than 65 years of age. Older adults (65+) numbered 38.9 million in 2008, an increase of 4.5 million (13%) in the past 12 years. Experts predict this number to increase to 55 million by 2020. The frail older adults will be the fastest growing age group in the country. (Jacelon, 2011) The older a population is, the less homogeneous it is; therefore, more diverse care is required to meet the needs of the individuals within the population. Consequently, gerontologic clients warrant special consideration. In light of these statistics, rehabilitation nurses need to be prepared to meet the demands of an aging society.

老年康复护士在帮助老年人制定护理计划时,会考虑到与年龄相关的正常变化和由疾病或受伤所带来的功能限制. 具体的致残情况及其伴随的医疗问题要求具体的康复护理干预和技术.

Culture and 教育

It is important for the gerontological rehabilitation nurse to understand and elicit the beliefs, 的态度, 值, and goals of older adults relating to their lives, 疾病, and health states in order to provide culturally appropriate care.

目标

老年康复护士使用整体方法评估和提供服务的老年成人客户. Helping older adults achieve their optimal level of physical, 精神, 在提供安全可靠的环境的同时,心理社会健康是老年康复护士的主要目标.

设置

老年人康复护理服务在包括医院康复单位在内的整个连续护理系统中提供, freestanding rehabilitation hospitals, hospital-based and free standing skilled nursing facilities, 急症护理单位, 亚急性单位, long-term care facilities, residential care facilities, home health agencies, private and agency clinics, and govern精神 agencies. 受过高等教育和认证的护士也可以作为老年护理从业人员或临床护理专家独立执业. 其他护士通过在护理学校或大学进行教学或研究来实践老年康复护理.

标准

老年康复护士遵守博亚体育注册发布的康复护理实践标准和范围. 康复护理专业实践核心课程提供了康复护理的综合指南,其中一个部分专门针对老年护理. ARN的立场声明可用于博亚体育登录网址具体康复问题的指导和信息.

Roles and Duties of the Gerontological Rehabilitation Nurse

The gerontological rehabilitation nurse practices in a variety of roles, 包括, 但不限于, those outlined below.

提倡

老年康复护士倡导老年人的权利,致力于消除衰老的神话.

Clinical Practitioner

老年康复护士在为老年人提供护理方面具有临床专业知识. This expertise includes assessing and identifying problems; planning, 干预, and evaluating care; and participating in the interdisciplinary plan of care.

教育家

老年康复护理教育工作者促进导致健康老龄化和预防残疾的活动,并为病人及其家庭提供个性化教育. 老年康复护士负责通过在职教育不断更新自己的知识基础, continuing education, or formal secondary education and training. 与其他老年康复护士交流思想和经验,也扩展了专业实践和知识基础. 老年康复护士还可以通过发表演讲和发表相关主题的文章,对公众进行有关老龄化问题的教育.

经理

老年护理经理在各种医院和社区环境中为患者提供护理时使用管理技能. 管理职位所需要的专业技能和知识包括维护联邦和州法规的最新信息,以及与养老项目资金相关的信息. 老年康复护理经理必须精通质量保证和质量改进领域,并必须熟悉其他认证机构的要求,如卫生保健组织认证联合委员会和康复设施认证委员会.

顾问

老年康复护理顾问为提供老年保健服务的其他保健从业人员提供支持. 该顾问提供指导,以制定项目,如压疮预防和护理,以及临床问题,如阿尔茨海默氏症,通常与老年人有关.

研究员

老年康复护理研究员开展研究,以获得与老年康复护理和客户相关的新知识,并通过在继续教育项目上的演讲和为专业出版物撰写文章来交流相关研究.

参考文献

Schrier R.W. (1990). 老年医学. 费城:W.B. 桑德斯公司.

Jacelon, Cynthia S. (Ed.). (2011). The Specialty Practice of Rehabilitation Nursing: A Core Curriculum (6th ed.), Glenview, IL: Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.

Association of Rehabilitation Nurses (2014). ARN 胜任力模型 for Professional Rehabilitation Nursing. 芝加哥,: Author.

Association of Rehabilitation Nurses (2014). 标准 & Scope of Rehabilitation Nursing Practice (6th Ed.). 芝加哥,.

这个角色描述最初是由博亚体育注册的老年学特殊兴趣小组在2008年制定的. Subsequent revisions were made in 2011, 2015.

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